What is a face cord?
The typical length of one piece of fire wood is 16". At this length, a face cord is 1/3 of a bush cord (16" wide x 4' high x 8' long). At 12" in length, a face cord is 1/4 of a bush cord. 13 Oaks can custom cut the length of firewood. If you require a size other than 16", order early in the spring so we can cut & deliver to your location to ensure that it will burn for you in the fall.
It is best to not cover or tarp firewood, or stack tightly in a shed. Leave firewood open to air flow, perhaps with a tarp covering the top, loosely tied, with the sides uncovered. Covering wood could also cause mould. Although dry firewood left open to the elements may become wet from rain or snow, this is considered weather wet. External wetness can dry by bringing batches of wood into your home & storing on racks. It's also best to stack wood off of the ground, either on logs, pellets or bricks.
What is a bush cord?
There are many names associated with a bush cord of firewood. In Canada, the legal definition of a full or bush cord is "128 cubic feet of stacked roundwood (whole or split, with or without bark) containing wood and airspace with all bolts of similar length piled in a regular manner with their longitudinal axes approximately parallel" (Weights and Measures Regulations). A bush cord measures 4' wide x 4' high x 8' long.
How To Know You've Received a The Correct Amount!
To ensure you are delivered the correct amount, firewood needs to be stacked & not left in a pile. Stack firewood neatly in 3 rows (each row consists of one face cord). Usually, each piece of firewood is triangular with a rounded bottom. The rounded part of each piece is placed on the bottom with the point of the triangle facing upward. The pieces should be parallel & touching, with gaps allowing air to flow through to help season the wood. The size of the gap should be large enough for a mouse to fit through, but too small for your cat!
How To Ensure Efficient Burning
How you stack your firewood determines how fast & efficiently your wood seasons. Row stacking versus leaving in a pile enables your wood to dry better & faster.
It's best to burn "seasoned" or "dry" wood. "Green" or "wet" wood smokes & creates creosote build up in your chimney. Creosote causes chimney fires & has burned down many homes. It also adds to your household cost as your chimney requires more frequent cleaning. Dry wood means the sap within the wood has had a sufficient amount of time to dry or season.
Firewood - A Renewable Resource
As long as sustainable forestry practices are used, firewood is a renewable resource. Since carbon dioxide released by the burning of firewood is absorbed from the ambient atmosphere through photosynthesis, when proper forestry practices are applied, firewood is a carbon-neutral, or even carbon-negative, energy source. Consequently, firewood can be considered a form of solar energy. Firewood burning releases no more harmful greenhouse gases than produced by wood simply left rotting on the forest floor.